Hygiene in face painting is one of those topics that constantly resurfaces online. How do you ensure everything is clean and you are not spreading germs while face painting? The USA has no laws regarding hygienic practices to adhere to while face painting, so it is really up to face painters to govern themselves and parents to avoid artists who appear to be using unsanitary methods.
The #1 rule for cleanliness in face painting is to use common sense! Does your water look nasty? Change it! Does the child have a gaping wound on their face? Don’t paint over it! Sometimes we have a tendency to over complicate things. The one rule that pretty much encompasses all you see below is to use common sense. However, I will outline a few good practices that I like to follow, to keep in mind when face painting.
First Things First…
Do NOT add alcohol or bleach to your rinse water or your paints! Anything added to your water will be so diluted anyway that it will be totally ineffective for sanitizing purposes, and in turn may end up causing reactions to sensitive skin. 70% alcohol is only 70% alcohol if used right out of the bottle. As soon as you dilute it, it’s not disinfecting anything.
Adding any sort of chemicals to your paints will most likely void their warranty and leave you liable for any reactions. The safe, reputable makeup brands that professional face painters use already have antibacterial agents in them, and the manufacturers advise against adding anything to them. If you are a person who is planning an event and are looking to hire artists, your best bet is not to go cheap or get volunteers…hire a professional who will use the right tools and practices for the job, because their livelihood depends on them doing so!
Before you start painting
If you see a child with an open wound, don’t paint over it. Choose a different spot or paint around it. This is as much for the other kids as the child themselves, as we don’t want to agitate it further. Same goes with severe acne or any other kinds of open sores.
If the child is visibly sick, runny nose, coughing up phlegm, don’t paint them. (or in the very least, don’t double dip, set aside the brushes or sponges you used on them so they can be thoroughly cleaned and sanitized before your next gig, and sanitize everything around you before the next child)
If your little canvas has a crusty face, ask the parents to clean them and then come back. You should not be expected to paint over dried boogers or dried on cotton candy sugar drool! You should not be expected to clean off other people’s children either, but if you feel comfortable cleaning faces yourself, great!
Your Work Station
A good rule of thumb is to look at your setup through the eyes of a parent. Would you allow someone to paint your own child with water/paint that looks like that? If not, take a pause for a quick cleaning. With the right setup it only takes a minute to change your water and wipe down your hands and surfaces. Can’t get up from your chair for a break? Some artists bring along a “dump bucket” that is kept under their table, to dump out dirty water and refill with a clean bottle.
If your rinse water looks gross, change it!
If your paint kit looks like a mess, clean it!
You may not be able to kill every germ in sight all the time, but appearances go a LONG way to ease people’s minds. Keeping your water clean also helps keep your paints from getting muddy as well, so it improves the quality of your painting too.
Wipes: Do not use baby wipes on faces. There are just way too many reports of these things causing reactions on kids’ faces, so why chance your paints getting blamed for a reaction? There are plenty of better things out there.
I keep makeup remover wipes on hand when I need to wipe a child’s face because they are made for the face and made to remove what we are putting on. I also keep some anti-bacterial Clorox or Lysol wipes on hand, NOT for faces, but for wiping down and sanitizing my equipment. They work GREAT for cleaning out my brush tub too. I just make sure to rinse out any residue from the wipes afterwards with clean water.
Keep a steady supply of hand sanitizer and wipes on hand and use them often. If your hands are getting messy, wipe them. Use sanitizer as often as you can/wish. This is a great item to leave out and accessible to your customers as well. It’s cheaper and lasts longer than wipes, and acts as visual reassurance to parents that you care about hygiene in your work.
Hair: If you’re using something to hold the child’s hair back, let them keep it. I use bobby pins as they do the job just fine and don’t break the bank! I’ve even found some plastic sparkly ones in pastel colors at the dollar store that the girls love.
Lips: I never, ever use my brushes on lips. If you wish to paint lips, you can easily find Q-tips at your local drug store, or other disposable applicators for super cheap. We even sell 1-sided cotton swabs in our shop, here, as well as doe foot applicators which are great for lips. If you use lipsticks, you can rub the swab on the stick to pick up the makeup. I’ve actually smashed my lipsticks into a little pill container so I can pop open a lid and load a swab as needed. The key to using these, of course, is NOT to dip back into your paint or makeup to load more, otherwise you defeat the purpose!
Brushes: I love to use my Loew-Cornell “brush tub II”. The ridges in the bottom really scrub the paint out of the bristles. When I’m not using that one, my other tubs have a perler bead tray in the bottom to act as a scrubber too. There are products on the market that you can add to your rinse water to help clean your brushes. However, be aware that they do just that…they clean paint out of brushes…they do not kill germs.
Sponges: Some artists use one sponge per child. Others use one per color. Most artists who use many sponges either hand wash every sponge individually after each event, or they drop them all into the washing machine in a lingerie bag. We also sell a 50 pack of disposable sponges in our shop. I personally avoid sponges whenever possible…I prefer to use a wide brush and rinse it between kids & color changes instead. I realize this wastes a lot of paint, but it feels cleaner to me, and I can sanitize my brush in alcohol between kids as needed. Another good tip is to use black or dark colored sponges to hide stains. Even though you may have totally sanitized sponges, parents can get the wrong idea when they see stained looking sponges. This is the same reason I use dark colored towels around my work station as well. A towel can be used once and thoroughly washed, but look stained right away, if you use a light color.
YOUR germs: The kids aren’t the only ones with germs…we have them too! Avoid putting things in your own mouth. I shudder when I see artists re-forming their bristles with their mouth, or using their teeth to hold brushes. I don’t even like seeing artists test out the paint consistency by painting on their own hand before starting on a face. If you have to brush excess glitter off of a child’s face, don’t blow in their face! (seems like common sense but some people do this) You can use a fluffy brush to brush it away, or a baby bulb aspirator to puff it away. Using hand sanitizer between kids is always a great idea!
After the gig:
Thoroughly clean all of your brushes and sponges after every gig and allow them to dry thoroughly before packing them away. Click here for our brush cleaning tips.
Allow your paints to dry before packing them up to avoid mold.
Thoroughly rinse and clean your brush tub. Here’s a blog post with tips to help it get good and clean, even in between those ridges!
Wipe down any paint messes from around your kit, your mirror, your paint containers, and anything else that you or the kids touch.
Beyond your Control
No matter how hard you try to keep germs at bay, they will never be 100% under your control. You will have sick kids standing in line infecting everyone around them before you even know they are there. You may paint a child who is carrying something contagious and doesn’t know it yet. Kids will have allergies that parents may or may not tell you about or even know about themselves. These are the same risks that everyone takes when they choose to set a foot outside their door and interact with other humans. Our choice is whether to live in fear, or take our chances.
The truth is, no matter how clean you keep your practice, kids are way more likely to come down with a nasty virus just waiting in line to have their face painted. There really is no practical way to work in a completely sterile manner. However, this doesn’t mean we shouldn’t try to stay as sanitary as possible! By following the suggestions here, you can help prevent the spread of germs to the best of your ability and put parents at ease by making a good effort.
Click here to see the FACE face painting association’s safe painting practices:
Click here to see Australia’s guidelines for body painting:
Click here to see Canada’s face and body painting guidelines: